Ujeni is our lead case study for demonstrating the need. Ujeni is 53 and lives in Pakwach with his wife, Serena, their seven children and their grandchildren. The National Park is just a short distance away.

The family live on a compound on 3-4 acres of land that Ujeni owns.  Despite the potential of the land, nothing is growing and Ujeni owns no livestock. Over the years, the rains have become more unreliable which makes it even more difficult to grow crops. The whole family are hungry and regularly skip meals due to lack of food and money.  Serena collects and sells firewood which earns just 2-3000 shillings (40-60p) a day; it is the family’s only source of regular income. But even that is getting more difficult and Serena is having to look further afield to gather wood.

There are thousands of families like Ujeni’s living in the area surrounding Murchison Falls National Park. With limited sources of food or income, some people lay traps in the hope of catching bushmeat to feed their families, and sell in the local markets. But traps are indiscriminate and wildlife such as the endangered Rothschild’s Giraffe are getting caught instead, becoming maimed or even killed.

“What makes people hunt is the same thing as what used to make me. They are looking for something for income.”

‘‘If people had enough to eat, they wouldn’t go there (to the National Park). What takes people there is poverty.’’

‘‘If people had alternative livelihoods then they would leave the animals alone.’’